Alveoli, Airways, Volumes and Ventilators: Breathing Easier About Mechanical Ventilation

This presentation focuses on increasing the Critical Care Nurses understanding of mechanical ventilation. Non-invasive ventilation, modes of mechanical ventilation, prevention of complications, weaning, and extubation are highlighted. Using case scenarios, the role of the Critical Care Nurse in assessment and management of mechanically ventilated patients in Critical Care is described. [150 minutes]

Key Content

  • Importance of Mechanical Ventilation in Critical Care
  • Key Concepts: Oxygenation, Ventilation, Resistance, Compliance
  • Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) Analysis
  • Non-Invasive Ventilation: Indications / Contraindications, How to Set Up, Inspiratory vs. Expiratory Positive Airway Pressure
  • Mechanical Ventilation: Physiological Changes
  • Mechanical Ventilator Variables:  Pressure, Flow, Volume, Time
  • Intubation and the Difficult Airway
  • Ventilator Settings and What They Mean: Fraction of Inspired Oxygen (FiO2), Respiratory Rate, Positive End Expiratory Pressure (PEEP), Tidal Volume, Minute Volume, Peak Pressure, Plateau Pressure, Inspiratory-Expiratory Ratio
  • Commonly Used Modes of Mechanical Ventilation - Volume Control (VC, AC), Pressure Control (PC), Synchronous Intermittent Mandatory Ventilation (SIMV), Pressure Support (PS), Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)
  • Newer Modes of Mechanical Ventilation
  • Mechanical Ventilation in Selected Conditions in Critical Care: COPD, Asthma, Bariatric, Polytrauma, ARDS
  • Care of the Mechanically Ventilated Patient:  Cuff Pressures, Suctioning, Humidification, Prevention of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP), Supportive Care
  • Mechanical Ventilator Alarms
  • Tracheostomy
  • Weaning and Extubation: Negative Inspiratory Force (NIF), Rapid Shallow Breathing Index (RSBI), Cuff Leak Test