What You Need to Know About Acute Respiratory Failure and Mechanical Ventilation

This session focuses on acute respiratory failure (hypoxemic, hypercapnic), and newer variants of respiratory failure (H1N1, H5N1, and MERS: Middle East Respiratory Virus), all of which may lead to Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). The pathophysiology of ARDS, available ventilator strategies and up-to-date, evidence-based medical management of these conditions is described. [75 minutes]

Key Content:

  • Review: Anatomy and Physiology of Lungs
  • Pathophysiology of Acute Respiratory Failure: Hypoxemic, Hypercapnic, Mixed
  • Emerging Respiratory Pathologies: H1N1, H5N1, Middle East Respiratory Virus (MERS)
  • Pathophysiology of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS): Berlin Definition of ARDS
  • Ventilator Strategies: Pressure Control Ventilation, Low Tidal Volume (Vt), and Positive End Expiratory Pressure (PEEP), ARDSnet Protocol
  • Medical Management and Supplemental Strategies:  Permissive Hypercapnia, Airway Pressure Release Ventilation (APRV), High Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation (HFOV), Inhaled Prostacyclin, The Prone Position, Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO)
  • Future Research